Rufiji River, river, the largest in Tanzania, East Africa, draining most of the southern part of the country and navigable for about 60 mi (100 km). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Mafia Island…. The Rufiji River Basin(RB) is one of East Africa’s highest potential crop production areas and is regarded as a food basket Modern usage includes rivers that are multichanneled, intermittent, or ephemeral in flow and channels that are practically bankless. 2015). The expansion of cultivation is assumed to be constrained to be within suitable agricultural areas and outside of protected areas (Olson et al. The Rufiji River basin, the largest in the country, is graced with some of the most spectacular scenery and is a popular tourist attraction. It has good sources of available water, but is also at risk of severe environmental problems in some catchments. Here, farmers use water from the river to irrigate their crops. Omissions? Press Release - Water, essential to all life, plays a particularly important role in the lives of Tanzanians living near Mbarali River, part of the larger Rufiji River basin in southern Tanzania. 2013a. Upstream of the major hydrological sta-tion at Stiegler's gorge (station 1 K3) it has an area of 156,600 km2. km in the very heart of Selous. Its elevation rises from 0 meters at the Indian Ocean to about 3000 meters in the Mbeya Region. This uncertainty has caused problems for both upstream and downstream residents. The Ruaha and Luwegu Rivers join to form the Rufiji River that extends to the Indian Ocean. The Rufiji river basin is the largest river basin in Tanzania, with a surface total area of about 180,000. However, climate change and rising demand for water is challenging the planned expansion of irrigated rice and other crops. Construction of 10km-long internal roads, 15km-long residential roads, 350 permanent houses, and 3,000 secondary houses is also part of the project. It is known for it agricultural production and is often called the "bread basket" of Tanzania. East Coast. Tributaries are indented under each larger stream's name.. A list by letters is given at the bottom of the article. Historical and projected future land use change is thus dynamic. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The river is ideal for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation. Sunset in the Rufiji river basin. Formed by the confluence of the Kilombero and the Luwegu rivers, it flows for about 175 mi northeast and east to enter the Indian Ocean, opposite Mafia Island. Within this extensive catchment there are wide contrasts of relief, slope, lithology, cli- Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Great Ruaha River is a river in south-central Tanzania that flows through the Usangu wetlands and the Ruaha National Park east into the Rufiji River.Its basin catchment area is 83,970 square kilometres (32,421 sq mi). This is a list of rivers in Tanzania.They are arranged by where the rivers flows. The concept of channeled surface flow, however,…, Tanzania, East African country situated just south of the Equator. Other significant potentials include irrigation, agriculture agriculture Subject Category: Disciplines, Occupations and Industries Clearing vegetation (natural and from Kisangire to agricultural) for seismic lines, Mtunda xxv. The river drains a basin of 174,800 km2. Institute of Resource Assessment, University of Dar es Salaam (IRA). A Report Submitted to USAID Tanzania for “The Rice and Maize Resilience to Climate Change in the Rufiji Basin Project,” October. Figure 1 illustrates the district administrative boundaries within the Basin. Rufiji River basin map and Tanzania Koeppen.png 505 × 432; 301 KB Rufiji River basin map mod.svg 505 × 432; 7.15 MB Rufiji River basin map.svg 474 × 510; 6.39 MB Technical report submitted by Michigan State University to the University of Dar es Salaam for: "The Rice and Maize Resilience to Climate Change in the Rufiji Basin Project," October. So, it plays a massive role in the wealth of humanity through the centuries. Water, essential to all life, plays a particularly important role in the lives of Tanzanians living near Mbarali River, part of the larger Rufiji River basin in southern Tanzania. The Rufiji River Basin is the largest river basin in Tanzania and in East Africa. Figures 2 though 4 illustrate projected land use from 2013 to 2050, taking into account past land use change patterns and projected population. The river is formed at the point where Kilombero and Luwegu Rivers meet. Within the Basin, there are important national parks (Kitulo, Ruaha, Mikumi, Udzungwa and Uluguru), large game reserves (Selous, Rungwa, Usangu, Mpanga/ Kipengere, and Lunda), forest reserves, mining, and pasture for livestock. The largest, the, River, (ultimately from Latin ripa, “bank”), any natural stream of water that flows in a channel with defined banks . Fishers make a living catching fish from its waters. The Basin itself is managed by the Rufiji Basin Water Board under the Ministry of Water. 4 No. Residents of Chumbi A, B and C villages in Rufiji District, Coast Region, commended the achievements in transforming the area into one of the country's major rice, maize and cassava producing zones. procedure to model flood flows in Rufiji River basin in Tanzania is presented. The Rufiji River Basin in southern Tanzania is the largest in the country and the most important for many activities, goods and services associated with water and its uses. Here, farmers use water from the river to irrigate their crops. Water, essential to all life, plays a particularly important role in the lives of Tanzanians living near Mbarali River, part of the larger Rufiji River basin in southern Tanzania. Water, essential to all life, plays a particularly important role in the lives of Tanzanians living near Mbarali River, part of the larger Rufiji River basin in southern Tanzania. Dar es Salaam, National Bureau of Statistics. The Rufiji River Basin’s 177,429 km 2 covers about 20% of Tanzania’s total surface area and is the largest river basin in Tanzania and in East Africa. 5 Rufiji Basin Development Authority 1975-PART II RUFUJI BASIN DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY Development 3.-(l) For the purposes of this Act the Rufiji Basin Development Area shall be an, area of land through or along which the Rufiji River flows and defined m accordance with the provisions of subsection (2). 2015. km, and consists of the Rufiji Delta, the Luwero, Kilombero and Ruaha rivers. The Rufiji River Basin has great potential to produce large amounts of rice, maize and other crops, and to support livestock. The Rufiji River basin (Figure 1) is the largest and single-most important river basin in Tanzania, occupying 20 percent of the land area and receiving one third of the total national rainfall. Kilombero River Valley, with further consideration of environmental flow needs extending to the Lower Rufiji Basin and its floodplaindelta system. Rufiji delta is home to the largest mangrove forest in Eastern Africa. This basin contains about 30% of Tanzania’s surface water with three major rivers, the Great Ruaha, Kilombero, and Luwegu, serving as tributaries to the Rufiji River. The Rufiji is the largest river basin in Tanzania and drains about 20% of the country. The river has major potential for irrigation and hydroelectric power development. United Republic of Tanzania (URT). Umba River basin; Sigi River basin; Pangani River basin . Rufiji — A multi-billion-shilling irrigation scheme geared towards agricultural development has scored notable achievement in the Rufiji River Basin. Power transformers of 235-353MVA each and having a combined capacity of 2,470MVA will be installed. Data from Hydro1k, Natural Earth, and OpenStreetMap. Fishers make a living catching fish from its waters. The climate varies from tropical humid in the east to temperate in the Southern Highlands. Fishers make a living catching fish from its waters. This includes providing water for domestic use for 4.5 million people, water for irrigation and livestock and using water to generate roughly 80% … Apart from being rich in water resources and biodiversity, the Basin is endowed with a good climate, fertile soil, minerals and human resource. A predictive ability test based on bias between observed and predicted flows is used to select the suitable procedure. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Rufiji-River. Milestone 1.4: Mapping Report. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Rufiji River in the Selous Game Reserve, southeastern Tanzania. Other significant potentials include irrigation agriculture, development of hydropower, fisheries and forestry. According to the national census, the Districts within the Basin had 9,032,089 people in 2012; this compares to 3,055,051 in 2002 (URT 2013b). Cattle herders guide their animals to its banks to drink and graze. Still […] It flows from southwestern Tanzania and drains into the Indian Ocean. Cattle herders guide their animals to its banks to drink and graze. Rufiji IWRMD Plan Final Report. 96 pp. Photo by Wikipedia, 2009. At the downstream end of the river basin is the lower Rufiji Floodplain and the Rufiji Delta where IUCN is working with the Area The Rufiji River is the largest uniquely Tanzanian river, covering much of southern Tanzania. A recent environmental flow assessment (EFA) in the Kilombero basin of the Rufiji River in Tanzania concentrated on a broad‐based investigation of stakeholders' use and perceptions of the ecosystem services provided by the river as a framework for … Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. National Population and Housing Census. Its elevation rises from 0 meters at the Indian Ocean to about 3000 meters in the Mbeya Region. In this paper, a flood frequency procedure refers to the combination of a probability distribution with a suitable method of parameter estimation. 2013b. Rufiji River, river, the largest in Tanzania, East Africa, draining most of the southern part of the country and navigable for about 60 mi (100 km). Its principal tributary is the Great Ruaha. The seismic lines and the improved roads being used by poachers and loggers to transport their cargos out of … It is targeted by the Government of Tanzania (GoT) for major socio-economic The- Rufiji River Basin consists of the Great Ruaha, Kilombero, Luwegu, and Lower Rufiji sub-basins. The plant will also include a 400kV switch yard. Cattle herders guide their animals to its banks to drink and graze. Water Use Association representatives report an increasing number of people falling ill after drinking from the Mbarali River, which they attribute to pollution from human activities in the river catchment. The Rufiji basin is third in terms of economic potential in both the Business as Usual and Targeted Investment scenarios. Cattle herders guide their animals to its banks to drink and graze. Water, essential to all life, plays a particularly important role in the lives of Tanzanians living near Mbarali River, part of the larger Rufiji River basin in southern Tanzania. English: Map of the Rufiji River basin and the nearby endorheic Sulunga Lake Basin (in green). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It covers approximately 177,429 km2, or 20% of the total land area of Tanzania (URT, 2013a). Formed by the confluence of the Kilombero and the Luwegu rivers, it flows for about 175 mi northeast and east to enter the Indian Ocean, opposite Also known as the Stiegler’s Gorge dam project or Nyerere hydropower project, it would involve a 130-meter-high dam on the Rufiji River, a 914 sq. The Great Ruaha River is one of Rufiji’s main tributaries. WHY VISITING RIVER RUFIJI. Of the 37 species of fish that were previously reported from the Wami River basin [12], 28 were collected during these sampling events [4]. largest. 2014. Ruvuma, the Rufiji, the Wami, and the Pangani—drain into the Indian Ocean. It is drained by four rivers: the Great Ruaha, the Kilombero, the Luwegu and the Rufiji. 54 pp. Similarly, an environmental flow assessment conducted in the Rufiji River basin documented 27 species of fish from five sampling sites, about half of … Kolungazao River The basin is likely to be substantially affected by the country’s large-scale SAGCOT investment program. Rufiji river attracts millions of animals in Selous Game Reserve. Mainland Tanganyika covers more than 99 percent of the combined territories’ total area. Lack of safe drinking water Oil exploration Rufiji River basin xxiv. Report prepared for the United Republic of Tanzania, Ministry of Water, by WREM International Inc., Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Here, farmers use water from the river to irrigate their crops. United Republic of Tanzania (URT). in Tanzania’s Rufiji river basin The Rufiji produces half of Tanzania’s river flow, supplying water for a variety of uses. It covers a length of 373 miles. The Rufiji river basin, Tanzania's largest, supplies water for around 4.5 million people and generates 80% of Tanzania's hydropower and covers roughly 20% of the country (177,420 km 2, Figure 1). The RRB covers an area of 176,000 sq. It covers approximately 177,429 km2, or 20% of the total land area of Tanzania (URT, 2013a). Out of Stiegler's one more stop and then 40 minutes to Dar es Salaam Here, farmers use water from the river to irrigate their crops. It has also attracted large numbers of people migrating to the area seeking land for cropping and to raise livestock. Volume 1: Climate and Hydrologic Modeling and Assessments. Corrections? Olson, J., G. Alagarswamy, J. Andresen, N. Moore, W. Northcott, P. Miller, C. Hawkins, D. Pike and P. Morse. Updates? THE RUFIJI BASIN Relief and geology The Rufiji catchment is the largest river basin in Tanzania. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Basin covers 11 administrative regions and 26 districts. The Rufiji River Basin is the largest river basin in Tanzania and in East Africa. km reservoir, and the deforestation of nearly 1,000 sq. Because of its large agricultural, hydroelectric and other potential, the Basin is the focus of Government of Tanzania, donor and private development plans. The population of the basin is mainly sustained by irrigation and water-related livelihoods such as fishing and livestock keeping. Additional infrastructure will include electrical switch gears, protection system, and fire detection system along with auxiliary power supply, DC systems, and cooling and sewage systems. Tanzania was formed as a sovereign state in 1964 through the union of the theretofore separate states of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Analysis of the Impact of Climate Change on Crop and Water Availability, and Consideration of Potential Adaptation Practices for the Rufiji River Basin, Tanzania. 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